Affinity Phases Selectivity

Affinity phases offer the highest specificity and selectivity in biomolecular separations and purifications. Purifications up to several orders of magnitude can be achieved in a single step. Affinity separations can often remove contaminants difficult to eliminate using conventional chromatographic procedures.


The basis of affinity chromatography is a ‘lock and key’ type mechanism. An affinity ligand, specific for a binding site on the target molecule, is coupled to an inert chromatography matrix. Using suitable binding conditions, target molecules are bound to the affinity ligand according to its specificity. Unbound solutes are washed through the column. The adsorbed target molecules are then desorbed and eluted from the column. Purification of several thousand-fold may be obtained due to the high selectivity of the affinity interactions.

Group-specific affinity resins (eg. Tosoh Bioscience) bind molecules sharing specific structural features. Alternatively, if greater specificity is required, ligands with precise specificity for the target molecule can be used. For example, the Protein A phase has a specific affinity for the Fc region of immunoglobulins.

Immunoaffinity Chromatography

Immunoaffinity chromatography is a specialized form of affinity chromatography,
utilizing an antibody or antibody fragment as the ligand immobilized on to a
solid support in such a manner that its binding capacity is retained. Figure 1 shows a schematic diagram of the stages involved in a typical immunoaffinity analysis: loading the sample, washing the column to remove matrix components and impurities and eluting the target compound.

affinity chromatography phase principle


Affinity and immunoaffinity chromatography techniques are applicable in a variety of disciplines including biochemistry, immunochemistry, virology, and molecular biology. Due to the increasing availability of a variety of antibodies, separations based on immunoaffinity techniques are being increasingly used in a wide range of applications involving the purification of complex biological samples.

The main application areas of immunoaffinity chromatography are proteins and enzymes. Method selectivity can be enhanced by combining the pre-concentration and pre-treatment of samples offered by immunoaffinity phases, with the separation capabilities of reversed-phase HPLC. The technique can also be used prior to MS analyses in proteomics.

GALAK Affinity Columns & Bulks

Analysis Column Absolut A

  Base Material Particle Size Flow Rate Life Service* pH range
Absolut A Polymer 30um 0.5-3 ml/min 3000 circles 2-10
Absolut A Pro Polymer 30um 0.5-3 ml/min 6000 circles 2-10

*Life Service is based on analysis conditions.

Sepromax® A40 plusGLK gel PrA/G Affinity Phases

  Base Material Particle Size Flow Rate Capacity pH range
Sepromax® A40 plus Polymer 40um 0.5-3 ml/min 40 mg human IgG 2-10
GLK gel Pr A Agarose 90um 0.5-3 ml/min 20 mg human IgG 2-12
GLK gel Pr G Agarose 90um 0.5-3 ml/min 20 mg human IgG 2-8
GLK gel Ni-IMAC Agarose 90um 0.5-3 ml/min 30 mg Myoglobin 3-12
GALAK ChromatographyAuthor

Tian Jing
Manager & Engineer in GALAK Chromatography. Master of Chemical Engineering.
During my college study, I found liquid chromatography to be a profound subject. I know the painful struggle a novice needs to go through to get started. I share this article to help you solve your problems quickly.

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